Nepal, the country of Buddha and Mt. Everest is full of natural beauty and diversity that lies in the lap of Himalaya between two big countries India and China. It is considered a naturally blessed country due to the presence of majestic snow-white Himalayan ranges, mesmerizing waterfalls and gorges, amazing landscapes and a wide variety of flora and fauna. Apart from natural beauty, the awe-inspiring cultural and ethnic variation that one can find in every ten kilometre makes it one of the most unique countries in the world. Here, you will learn such 12 interesting facts about Nepal that may surprise you.
1) Nepal, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha
Yes, you heard it right. Lumbini, that lies in plain Terai of Southern Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Many people consider India as the birthplace of Lord Buddha which is false. The Ashoka pillar built and inscribed by the Mauryan Indian Emperor Asoka in 249 BC during his pilgrimage visit to lumbini proves Lumbini to be the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha.
2) 8 of the 14 highest mountains in the world lie in Nepal including the highest mountain in the world, ie. Mt. Everest.
Nepal, the land of Himalaya consists of 8 highest mountains in the world including Mt. Everest, which is the highest mountain in the world with a height of 8848m. Other 7 mountains that lie in Nepal with height more than 8000m are :
- Kanchenjunga (Height: 8,586 meters)
- Lhotse (Height: 8,516 meters)
- Mount Makalu (Height: 8,481 meters)
- Mount Cho Oyu (Height: 8,188 meters )
- Dhaulagiri I (Height: 8,167 meters)
- Mount Manaslu (Height: 8,156 meters)
- Annapurna I (Height: 8,091 meters)
(Source: Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal)
3) Only country in the world with triangular flag
The triangular flag is one of the most unique features of Nepal as it is the only country in the world whose flag is triangular. The flag consists of two triangles with the sun and the moon inscribed inside them in white colour. The rest of the flag contains crimson red and blue color.
4) The last Hindu country in the world
Nepal was an official Hindu country with a monarchial system until 2006. In 2006, Nepal declared itself to be the secular country which makes it the last Hindu country in the world. Hinduism dominates all other religions in Nepal with 81.34% population. Next is Buddhism with 9%, then Islam with 4.4%, Kiratism 3%, Christianity 1.4% and others 0.8% (based on the census of 2011 A.D).
5) Worshiping animals like cow and dog
The cow is the national animal of Nepal because of which cow slaughtering is a punishable offence. Not only this, there is a tradition and festival in Nepal called ‘Gaai Tihar’ and ‘Kukur Tihar’. During this festival, people worship animals like cow and dog. It is like a thanksgiving celebration to such animals for their inexplicable help to mankind. Indeed, this is one of the most unique and interesting facts about Nepal.
6) Yeti, the abominable snowman
Yeti is a monstrous creature which is believed to be found on the snow-covered Himalayan region of Nepal. The massive footprint alleged to be Yeti’s footprint was at first found by Michael Ward and photographed by Eric Shipton at Menlung Glacier in 1951. Similarly, in 1953 Sir Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary also reported seeing large footprints while scaling Mount Everest. However, no complete proof of its existence has been found till now.
7) The land of the brave Gurkha
“Better to die than to be a coward” is a famous slogan carried by the Gurkhas, who are an integral part of British and Indian Army. The Gurkhas have loyally fought for the British all over the world for more than 200 years, receiving 13 Victoria Crosses in between. They are also serving the Indian Army since their independence in 1947. Currently, around 32000 Gurkhas who make 40 battalions are serving in 7 regiments in the Indian Army. (Know the Gurkha regiment, pillar of India’s security for decades)
8) Nepal don’t have an Independence day
Being the warriors’ land right from the beginning, Nepal was never colonized by any foreign invaders. Thus, Nepal always stayed independent and do not have any independence day.
9) Land of Kumari-The living Goddess
This is also one of the important and interesting facts about Nepal. Yes, people worship Kumari as a living goddess in Nepal who is selected from Shakyas or Bajracharyas of Newari community. The Kumari is a young pre-pubescent girl who is believed to receive the power of Goddess Kali and Taleju, the deities and remains as a goddess till she menstruates. Even President and Prime Minister touch the feet of the Kumari to receive the blessings. You can learn more about the living Goddess of Nepal here (Royal Kumari of Kathmandu: the strange life of Nepal’s Living Goddess).
10) Rautes- The last nomadic hunters-gatherers’ tribe in Nepal
Rautes are the people who still engage themselves in the wild for living and don’t come in touch with today’s society. They freely roam in the jungle and don’t reside permanently in the same place. So, Rautes are the true nature wanderers who make their living by hunting and making wood products. They are found mostly in the western mountains of Nepal. Currently, only around 140 of them are believed to be living the nomadic life and are in virtue of extinction. (Living in the Mist: The Last Nomads of Nepal)
11) Bikram Sambat (Also called as Vikram Sambat)
Nepalese people and even the government of Nepal follows the Bikram Sambat(B.S) calendar which is 56.7 years ahead of the solar Gregorian calendar (AD). The beginning month of the year is Baisakh, while Chaitra ends the year. The other months are Jestha, Ashad, Shrawan, Bhadra, Asoj, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh and Falgun respectively. Similarly, the number of days in a month varies from 28 to 32. Currently, in Nepal, it is 2077 BS while it is 2020 for other nations.
12) Nepal- The unique combination of nature and culture
Nepal is considered the Amazon of Asia because of the wide variety of flora and fauna present in this country. Asian one-horned rhinoceros to spiny babbler, the bird found only in Nepal shows its unique presence of nature. Similarly, one can find Various life saving medicinal herbs like Cordyceps Sinensis, Berberis Asiatica, Bergenia Ciliata, etc here. Note that, Nepal ranks 9th among the Asian countries for its floral wealth with an estimated 9,000 species of flowering plants. (Medicinal plants, traditional medicine, markets and management in far-west Nepal)
Also, 10 heritage sites of Nepal are enlisted as world heritage sites by UNESCO based on their natural and cultural value. They are:
World heritage sites (Cultural)
- Kathmandu Durbar Square
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- Patan Durbar Square
World Heritage Sites (Natural)
- Chitwan National Park
- Sagarmatha National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Sites)
Hence, these all enlisting by UNESCO also explains everything about the natural and cultural diversity present in Nepal.
Did you know these interesting facts about Nepal? Do let us know in the comment section. Also, learn about: Ways to earn money online in Nepal
- Amazing Facts of Nepal
- 14 Interesting Facts About Nepal That You Didn’t Know
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- TOP 50 AMAZING FACTS ABOUT NEPAL
- Who are the Gurkhas?
- Know the Gurkha regiment, pillar of India’s security for decades
- Royal Kumari of Kathmandu: the strange life of Nepal’s Living Goddess
- Living in the Mist: The Last Nomads of Nepal